Information About Mount Nemrut
Mount Nemrut is a mountain with a height of 2,150 meters in the vicinity of Ankar mountains near Kahta district in Adıyaman province. Taurus is located in the mountain range.
It is within the borders of Adıyaman province in Southeast Anatolia Region. It was declared in 1988. The surface area is 13,827 hectares. The source value of the national park is the archaeological remains found in this area, known as “Commagene larda in ancient times. Antiochos tumulus and the giant statues here are cultural values of Eskikale, Yenikale, Karakus Tepe and Cendere Bridge national park. On the east and west terraces, there are antiochus and god-goddess statues, as well as lion and eagle statues. There is a unique lion horoscope on the west terrace. The sculptures were carved by blending the Hellenistic, Persian art and the original art of the Commagene country. In this sense, Mount Nemrut can be called “the bridge of western and eastern civilization”.
Antiochus Theos, the king of Commagene, built the statue of many Greek and Persian gods on top of this mountain in 62 BC as well as his own tomb-temple. In the grave, like the head of an eagle, there are stone carvings of the gods. The arrangement of the statues is known as hierotheating.
Mount Nemrut is a volcano to the west of Lake Van in Eastern Anatolia. The elevation is 2935 m. At the summit of the Nemrut volcano there is a circle-shaped caldera with a diameter of 6 km and surrounded by steep slopes. There is a lake to the west of the caldera. According to the geological records, the last lava exits from the Nemrut Volcano were lived in 1441, 1597 and 1692. 44 Kantaşı Mevkii yer, the lava flows as a result of the activity has been effective in an area of about 10 km2.Hot gases emerge today from the Nemrut volcano. Geologists can pass the activities of Turkey's 'risky' as the volcano, located in Bitlis illustrate the limits of Mount Nemrut.
On the Nemrut Mountain in Kahta district, terrestrial climate characteristics are observed. Due to the Atatürk Dam Lake at the borders of the district, the climate structure has changed significantly and started to show similarity with the Mediterranean climate. But even in the middle of summer, the sunrise on Mount Nemrut becomes quite cold. The grave was excavated by German engineer Karl Sester in 1881. The graves of Antiochus could not be found during the excavations in the following years.
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