Mausoleum at Halicarnassus Map And Location

Information About Mausoleum at Halicarnassus


         The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (or Mausoleion) was built in Halicarnassus by his wife and sister Artemisia (en). It is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Because of this importance, all the structures of the same style, which came after him, were called mausoleum.

The mausoleum area is today organized as an open-air museum. Once inside, there is a Bodrum-type house on the right. In the long structure seen on the left, there are reliefs of Mausoleion, models and architectural drawings belonging to the building with some drawings.

One of the Seven Wonders of the world, defined as one of the mausoleum rise is seen as a pit today. In order to understand what this pit is, it is necessary to visit the indoor exhibition hall. Base dimensions 32 x 38 meters in size Mausoleion, once the long edge of the short edge of 242.5 of 105 meters in the northeast corner of a large area was rising

According to ancient authors, Mausoleion consists of four parts. At the bottom a high base (podium); it has a section in the form of a 36 Ion-columned temple on its sides, nine on its short sides and nine on it; there is also a 24-digit pyramid-shaped roof and four horses on top and the statues of Mausolos and Artemisia.

The novelist Plinius provides information on the height of the monument. The height of the Mausoleion, which the Latin people regard as the seven wonders of the world, is 180 Ionic pillars. This is about 55 meters. The height of a twenty-floor apartment building. This measure is based on the model in the exhibition hall.

Ancient authors noted that the architect of the building was Pytheos. In addition, Satyros's name is also mentioned. Vitruvius noted that the four most important sculptors of the 4th century BC worked in this structure. Skopas in the east, Leokhares in the west, Bryaksis in the north and Timotheos in the south. Bryaksis is a Karyian artist. Other artists were brought from Greece. It is said that Architect Pytheos made the four-horse car. The Karia satrabi, Mausolos, probably began its construction in 355 BC. After his death (353 BC), his wife continued to build the monument of his sister Artemeisia; after his death (351 BC), the other brothers of Mausolos continued construction. Presumably, the construction was left unfinished during the satrap struggle between Piksodaros and Ada in 340 BC.

The monumental tomb was rising from the place where the main rock was cut, and from the green stones. One of the last survivors of the monument was M.S. It was Bishop Eustathios who lived in the 12th century. This monument shows that he remained standing for 1500 years. After this date, it is thought that an earthquake destroyed the monument. When Saint Jean knights came to Bodrum in 1402, they saw the monument as ruined. The knights used the monument as a stone quarry. The first destruction was made by the knights in 1494. The main burial chamber in the deepest part of the pit has been saved from destruction because it could not be found by the knights in that age. In 1522, the Knights of Saint Jean wanted to strengthen their castles and searched for old building blocks for the construction of a castle. Mausoleum, has suffered in recent destruction that date. La Touret, who was involved in the strengthening of the fortress, wrote on the memory of the destruction of the tomb monument. Today, the tile describes how they found the 12-step staircase, which was partially protected under a roof, how the statues and reliefs on both sides of the corridor leading to the burial chamber were first watched with admiration and then dismantled. When they entered the complete burial chamber, the burst pipe was stolen; they went back to the castle without going into the main room, the next day when the burial chamber was opened, everywhere in the torn fabric and gold jewelery, they saw that they saw.

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takvim 30/06/2019
category History

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