Information About Yakutia Madrasa
Yakutia Madrasa, Erzurum in Turkey is on. It was built in 1310 by Emir Hodja Cemalettin Yakut during the reign of İlhanlı ruler Olcaytu. It is the largest of the madrasa type with closed courtyard, iwan and portico in Anatolia and is one of the examples that has preserved its existence until today. It is one of the symbols of Erzurum province. It is visited by thousands of local and foreign tourists every year.
During the Ilkhanid period; It was built in 1310 by Hoca Yakut Gazani in the name of Gazan Han and Bolugan Hatun during the time of Sultan Olcayto. After losing its original function, it was used as a foundry for a while during the Ottoman period and as a military depot since the end of the 19th century. The madrasa, which was restored by the General Directorate of Foundations in 1964 and 1973 and the Ministry of Tourism in 1991, is still used as a museum (Ethnography Museum).
It is located in the city center of Erzurum, in the central district "Yakutiye" where its name is given, on Cumhuriyet Street, next to Lala (Mustafa) Pasha Mosque. It is used as a Museum of Islamic Art.
The embroidery on the stone gate is a very valuable art masterpiece. The domed Madrasa; it has four iwans and an enclosed courtyard. Taçkapı is in the middle of the façade. Two cylindrical retaining towers made of hewn stone are located on both corners of the madrasah facade. Hoca Cemalettin Yakut, Sultan Gazan and Horasan Bolugan Hatun Madrasa built with the help provided.
The madrasa has a crown on the axis of the western façade, a minaret with a cubic base, cylindrical body on the south side and a cylindrical cone corner tower reflecting the same formal characteristics on the north corner. In particular, the tree of life depicted in a vase from a source of water in the pointed arched superficial niches formed by stepped shells on the side wings of the crown, two lion figures underneath, and double-headed eagle figures are important for Islamic iconography. The tree of life consisting of palm leaves, two pars and eagle figures coming from an openwork sphere brings together the important symbols of the Central Asian Turks. In addition, the body of the minaret is decorated with glazed (turquoise and eggplant purple) and unglazed bricks.
It has been in existence for more than 700 years. Yakutiye Madrasa was also affected by both the wear and tear due to natural conditions and the historical events (invasions and battles) occurring in the geography since it was built.
Lastly, in 2009, the Ministry of Culture underwent extensive repairs and the Yakutiye Municipality of Erzurum made landscaping. As a result of these changes, the existing value of the madrasah has increased even more today. Social and cultural activities are organized in the area in front of the Madrasah in the evenings especially during Ramadan.
Archaeology,Mosques,Museums,Churches,Castles,Shopping,History,Historical Places,information info About For Tourists,Things Places Must To Visit,images,Landmarks,Photos,Visitor Tourist Google Map Guide Attractions,Ruins,opening hours,interior,inside,Entrance Fee,Architecture,Location,Turkey,Erzurum,Yakutia Madrasa