Kuruçay Höyüğü | Turkey


Kuruçay Höyüğü Map And Location






Information About Kuruçay Höyüğü



          

Kuruçay Höyüğü, 15 km from Burdur. west of the village of Kurucay, 1.5 km. It is a mound located to the southwest. The mound is situated on a hill overlooking Burdur Lake and is surrounded by deep river beds on three sides. The archaeological site is 90 x 60 meters in size and 8 meters high. The highest point of the mound is 110 meters above Burdur Lake.

Stratigraphy

Kuruçay Höyük was inhabited during the Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Bronze Age periods. A total of 13 building levels were unearthed. The dating of the upper (lower) building levels is as follows.

1st building solid EBA II,

2nd building level, EBA II and I,

Building levels 3 - 6, Late Chalcolithic,

7. - 10th building levels of Early Chalcolithic,

11. Building solid Late Neolithic,

Building levels 12 and 13 Early Neolithic

The last building level of the Late Chalcolithic Age was 6 and its 6A1, 6A2, and later it was considered to be late and early.

Finds
Architectural

It is not possible to get an idea about architecture due to the high level of destruction from the bottom to the 7th building level. On the other hand, it is seen that there is no regular architecture and a random structuring. In the 7th building level, which is the last building level of the Early Chalcolithic settlements, this situation has changed completely, it is well preserved and it is understood that there is a pre-planning. Nevertheless, there are no planned street networks and narrow gaps and squares. The structures were plastered over mudstones and mudbricked. The largest 8 x 7.5 meter houses are rectangular or crooked. One of the other houses apart from one is the rooms. It is seen that the settlement is surrounded by a wall built on a 1.3 meter stone foundation.

In the last phase of the Late Chalcolithic settlement 6A2, the architectural structure changed significantly and the streets and courtyards were closed. The 6A settlement seems to be a town that emphasizes the defensive defense of the general plan. The town has three entrances to the east, north and northwest. These gates are linked to an inner courtyard, passageways and interstices, which eventually reach the streets of the town. One of the three buildings in the center was the temple and the other two were considered as "Bey's private houses". In the structure which is considered as a temple, there are two stems, a stove / altar, a troughed oven and a stove, and a rectangular table from the ground. A warehouse was added to the temple in the period 6A1.

In the Late Chalcolithic settlement, the building level 4 is very much damaged. In addition, the surrounding of the town is surrounded by a thick wall.

Pottery

Early Chalcolithic settlements continued the pottery tradition from Neolithic settlements throughout. The last layer of this settlement shows a different tradition. The stalks of cooked earthenware spoons, in the handles of containers, are depicted animal depictions, most of which are bull heads.

figurines

A number of clay figurines were found in the Early Chalcolithic settlement levels. Animal figures are not seen in this layer. In the Late Chalcolithic Age, clay sculptures are relatively small. A mother goddess figurine and sheep and goat figurines were found.

Chipped Stone

The Chalcolithic chipped stone industry mainly used flintstones, probably from the nearby Bound Stream. A small amount of obsidian has been studied.

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Although three graves were found in the Early Chalcolithic settlement, 50 pottery graves and four burials were found in the Late Chalcolithic Age. Most of them are under houses. Pottery graves are for children's dead. The finds show that the dead were buried in the fabric. There is no burial gift.

Haycan Ruins

Early Chalcolithic levels revealed wild cattle (Bos primigenius), sheep, goat, wild boar, wild sheep (Ovis ammon), wild mandal (Bos buffalo) fallow deer (Cervus elaphus). The investigations show that they are not fully domesticated, although most of the sheep and goat are raised, most of them are wild species.

Plant Remains

It is understood that the nutrition economy in the settlement is based on wheat (Triticum vulgare). These are emmer, six-row barley (Hordeum vulgare) and lentil (Lens culinaris).

Evaluation

The Late Neolithic and Early Chalcolithic Age settlements at Kuruçay Höyük are considered to be a single culture. The Late Chalcolithic settlement refers to a c new life process Geç. Considering the differences between these two cultures, it is revealed that Kuruçay Höyük began to be inhabited by a different community without any relation to the old one.

For the Early Chalcolithic, the dating is estimated to be 7,214 (+ - 38) years. The Late Chalcolithic Age dates back to 4.740 - 4.620 years ago.



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