Information About Karaman Castle
The exact date of construction of the Karaman Fortress is not known, but it is accepted that Karaman is a contemporary and has been reconstructed according to the conditions of each period. The most important productions were the Seljuk Sultan II. Kilicarslan and his son lived between 1187-1196 under the Seljuks I Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev period. The inner walls of the city II. During the reign of Kılıçarslan, the outer walls were built during the reign of I. Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev.
However, in the later period, the city was under the sovereignty of the Karamanoğullari and the city's walls were renewed once again because of their capital. When the Ottomans seized the Karaman Fortress, they had largely destroyed it, and with the wreckage of the ken, they probably restored the interior. In the middle fortress ruins, mostly Islamic non-Islamic architectural pieces are encountered, while in the inner fortress, there are intense Islamic architectural pieces on the expanding sections of the bastion skirts.
Evliya Çelebi, who came to Karaman in 1648, stated that the outer castle environment belonging to Karaman Fortress was 700 steps, 140 towers and 9 gates, the middle castle surroundings were 1700 steps, 400 towers and 2 gates were surrounded by ditches.
Bronze, Roman and Byzantine Age finds on the mound is built on a mound in the corners of the cylindrical or prismatic large horoscope limited to the rectangular plan is limited. The cylindrical towers are located in the northeast, southwestern corners, while prismatic towers are located in the northwestern, southeastern corners. Karaman Castle has the only gate opening to the West.
After the conquest of the Ottomans in 1465, the Karaman Fortress was rebuilt from the ruins of the city. Meanwhile, many buildings and tombstones in Karaman were used for repair. The fact that some of the inscriptions and tombstones of these other structures have been reversed should be for the purpose of indicating the collapse of the Karamanoğulları Principality.
The second gate is filled with rubble and earth over time, and the ground is elevated and recently entered into the courtyard formed by new arrangements. The walls are shaped according to the shape of the corner bushes, with the doors leading to the lower floor of the towers and the stone stairways where the entrances to the walls and walls are performed.
Evliya Çelebi reports that the area around the inner castle is surrounded by a very deep trench, that the gate is crossed by a bridge, the iron gate is three floors, the castle commander is seated, and the small house and a mosque are covered with 46 earthen roofs.
The interior was restored 2 times in 1961 and 1975. During this arrangement, in front of the southwestern tower, a semi-circular stage and a dressing cabins were built next to the stage.
The proverb "Karaman's sheep after exits game" has a story about this castle. According to the rumor, during the siege, a few warriors, who came out of the fortress at night, turned a nearby herd, and planted a candle on the heads of the sheep, and rode to the castle with the cry of God. The enemy that sees this reinforce the siege thinking that reinforcements to the castle.
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