Information About Hagia Sophia Museum
Today's Hagia Sophia is the third building in the same place and name. The first Hagia Sophia was built by Constantius (337-361), the son of Great Constantinus in 360. A.D. In 404, the building, which was supposed to be a basilica with a wooden roof, suffered a fire breakdown.
Emperor II on the construction of the second Hagia Sophia. It was completed in 415 during Theodosius period. The church built in basilica style had five nefs and the roof was wooden. In the excavations made in 1935 to the west of today's Hagia Sophia, the remains of the courtyard of the Second Hagia Sophia were unearthed. In 532 the second Hagia Sophia was burned in the Nika Uprising.
The third, the present day, Hagia Sophia was built by Byzantine emperor Justinian I in 532-537. In 1453, Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror was transformed into a mosque with the conquest of Istanbul. In 1935, the mosque became a museum.
The name of Hagia Sophia means "holy wisdom" or "divine wisdom." Christianity is regarded as one of the three qualities of God in the Orthodoxy sect of religion. The 6th century scholars were the physicist Miletus Isidoros and the Trallesian mathematician Anthemius.
Emperor Justinianos commanded his own provinces to be confiscated for use in the Hagia Sophia for the finest architectural pieces to make Hagia Sophia more splendid. Some columns, doors and stones were brought from ancient cities such as Aspendos, Ephesos, Baalbek, and Tarsus in Anatolia and Syria, which are older than themselves, and the white marbles are brought from Marmara Island, the green ones are from Eğriboz Island, the pink marbles are from Afyon yellow marbles were brought from North Africa and used in Hagia Sophia. Surfaces outside the marble covered walls of Ayasofya are adorned with mosaics. Materials made of gold, silver, glass, terracotta and colored stones were used in making the mosaics
Istanbul IV. During the Crusades, Hagia Sophia was looted and damaged when it was occupied by the Latin in 1204-1261. When the Eastern Roman Empire recaptured the city in 1261, Hagia Sophia was re-circulated. By the conquest of Istanbul by Fatih Sultan Mehmed in 1453, After the conquest, the structure was strengthened and best preserved and continued its existence as a mosque together with the Ottoman Period additions. The structure which suffered from various earthquakes, was built in order to support the construction by both Eastern Roman and Ottoman periods. The minarets built by Mimar Sinan also functioned as supporting pillars at the same time. In the Ottoman period, Hagia Sophia added mihraks, minbar, muezzin cabinets, preaching sermons and maksures. It was opened in 1935 as a museum visitor.
Hagia Sophia, the world's oldest cathedral, was the largest cathedral in the world until 1520 (until the Seville Cathedral in Spain was built.) In addition, Hagia Sophia is the fastest complete cathedral. It is the place that worshiped for the longest time with being a place of worship for 15 years. The dome is the 4th largest cathedral in comparison with the old cathedrals.
Stories / Legends
Hz. The Holy Relics of Jesus: According to the Emperor, Christian discourse, Hz. Jesus crosses the cross and Hz. He brought Jesus from Jerusalem and used it in the secret parts of Hagia Sophia. Because of their hiding of the sacred relics to Hagia Sophia, Jesus was to descend into Hagia Sophia after 40,000 years.
Hz. Column pierced with Mary's tears: Crying Column in Hagia Sophia is a column in the house of Mother Mary. One day Mother Mary, Hz. They said that Jesus was caught and tortured to him. Hz. Mary melted this column, which she could not bear to be tortured, and drowned in tears, one of the drops of tears leaning on. While the Haghia Sophia was being built, the emperor brought this column from Mother Mary's house and planted it in Hagia Sophia for the blessing of the church. For this reason stone is seen as sacred. Anyone who wishes will put his fingers in the hole formed by Mother Mary's tears in this column and turn and wishes.
The angel waiting for Hagia Sophia: The craftsmen working in Hagia Sophia's construction were entrusted to a young worker on his way to dinner one day. After a while, the person who appeared in the field of construction said, "The job has been left for a very long time, you should call the masters anymore", the young man said, "I can not leave the tools and utensils". Unknown person replied, "You are the chorus until the end of the year, I will not leave here one time." When the young man tells the master, the Emperor asks the young man questions about the man he saw, and he believed that it was an angel and sent him to another country to wait for angel Haghia Sophia.
Talismanic Gates: According to the legend, Hagia Sophia has a total of 361 gates but 101 of these gates are large and amulet. Because every time these doors are counted, an extra door appears.
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