Sivas Tourist Map With Attractions Visiting Places
Sivas Tourist Map With Attractions Visiting Places
Sivas is one of the oldest and most important cities in Central Anatolia. The districts and cultural riches in Central Anatolia, Eastern Black Sea Region and Eastern Anatolia Region have an important geographical position with their climate differences and values.
Old name (Latin: Sebastia, Greek: Σεβάστεια, Armenian: Սեբաստիա) Sivas, which is Sebastea, Sebasteia or Samassia, is one of the oldest and most inhabited centers of Anatolia. The finds recovered during the excavations and surveys indicate that the first settlement in the region dates back to the Neolithic Age (8000-5500 BC). Kent BC In the 2000s, there were different settlements. Although geographically located in Central Anatolia, Şebinkarahisar districts, which had accidents up to 1933, are located in the Eastern Black Sea Region and in the cultural area of Susehri, Akıncılar, Gölova and Koyulhisar districts. Geminbeli pass connects the towns of Sivas to the Susehri plain on the Black Sea. The districts of Divrigi and Gurun are also located in the Eastern Anatolia Region, while Dogansar and Zara are located in the Black Sea Region. Cultures of Central Anatolia, Eastern Black Sea and Eastern Anatolia are also present in Sivas. In the central and surrounding districts of Sivas, folk dances specific to gırnata, zurna and Sivasa are played, while kemençe and zurna and horons are played in the districts in the Black Sea. Divrigi and Gurun region are located in Eastern Anatolian culture. The districts in Central Anatolia have the culture and accent of Sivas central region as a culture, while the districts in the Black Sea use the same dialect as Giresun and Ordu to a large extent.
The period of first civilizations
In the 17th century BC, the southern part of the city, which was within the borders of the Hittites, began to be called Tilgarimmu during the Late Hittite states. In the 8th century BC it was invaded by Cimmerians and Scythians. It was dominated by the Medes in the early sixth century BC and by the Persians in the middle of the same century. In the second half of the 4th century BC, Alexander the Great was appointed to the Kingdom after the Macedonian rule. In 17 AD, with the whole Cappadocia, it came under the rule of the Roman Empire. During this period, he passed into the hands of the Parthans and the Sassanids for a short time. During the Byzantine period, it was within the borders of Armeniakon Tehma. In the 12th century, it was connected to the Sebasteia Tehma.
Before the Battle of Malazgirt Square, the Seljuk Turks extended to Sivas and seized an intermediate city towards 1059. However, the region's entry into Turkish sovereignty took place shortly after the victory of the Manzikert. Emir Danişment, one of the commanders of Kutalmışoğlu Süleyman Şah, captured the city and stayed in the hands of Danişmentliler for a long time. Kılıç Arslan was taken by the Seljuk State. During the Seljuk period, Sivas developed again. Towards 1221, the city walls were repaired by Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad I. A short time later the attacks of the Mongols began and after the Kösedağ War (1243), the Seljuk lands and Sivas were taken over by the Mongols.
The most important monuments in the city were built during the Ilkhanians in the second half of the 13th century. Sivas, Kayseri and İlhanlılar'ın sent to Anatolia was used as a center by the governors. Ibn Batuta, who came to Sivas in the first half of the 14th century, described this place as the largest city of the Ilkhanians in Anatolia. One of the governors of İlhanlı, Alaeddin Eratna Bey, declared his independence in 1345 and firstly elected Sivas as the center of his state. After Eratna's death in 1353, Kadi Burhanettin took his place, but died in a battle against Akkoyunlu bey Karayülük Osman (1398). Upon this, the people of Sivas surrendered their lands to the Ottoman sultan Yıldırım Beyazıd. In the summer of 1400, Timur seized Sivas, killed soldiers defending the city, had the people sword crossed, plundered the city and demolished the city walls. After the invasion of Timur, the city remained in the hands of Kadi Burhaneddin's son-in-law, Mezid Bey. Between the years 1403-1408 it was re-dominated by the Ottoman Empire and became a provincial center.
The buildings in Sivas were damaged from the occasional uprisings in Anatolia between the 17th and 19th centuries. Evliya Çelebi, who passed through the city in 1649, writes that there are 4600 houses divided into 44 neighborhoods in the area surrounded by the walls, and that the number of the fortresses of İçkale and Paşa, which he named Yukarıkale, reached 6060. The figures given by 19th-century travelers for the urban population are often inconsistent. Towards the end of this century, the population is thought to have changed between 30,000-45,000. First, Sivas, which consisted of 7 flags and 72 accidents, gradually narrowed down and lost its importance. Even the governor was appointed mirimiranlar. In 1813, this procedure was abandoned and a new vizier was appointed. A year later, a major plague outbreak began in the city. State organization with some minor changes XIX. century until the middle. Sivas province, which was established in 1863 within the organization of the provinces; Sivas, Amasya, Tokat and Sebinkarahisar (Karahisar-ı Şarki) were divided into banners. This situation continued until the reign of the Republic into the province of the banners.
National Struggle period
Sivas has an important place in winning the National Struggle. During the preparation period of this struggle, Mustafa Kemal Pasha first convened the Samsun Congress from Samsun on 27 June 1919, followed by the Sivas Congress on 4 September 1919 and left the city on 18 December 1919 to go to Ankara. According to the excavations and researches carried out by the archaeologists from the University of Chicago in 1927 and the Turkish archaeologists in 1945, Sivas has been the settlement and the city center since the first periods of history. In addition, the oldest world civilizations Persians, Etiler, Hittites, Assyrians reigned in Sivas.
Samsun Post, which is the only passenger train of the Black Sea, is sent from Sivas. In addition, Sivas is a major intersection as a railway station. Today, the railway connection of many provinces is directly established on Sivas. Sultan II. It has existed since the reign of Abdulhamid. TÜDEMSAŞ, the first wagon and locomotive factory in the history of the Republic and the traction workshop was established in Sivas in 1939. When TÜDEMSAŞ was established, it was one of the most advanced facilities in the world. In 2003, at the beginning of the Iraq War, TUDEMSAS exported 300 wagons to Iraq, headed by the Saddam administration. Today, orders from TÜDEMSAŞ from different parts of the world are still being evaluated and exports continue. Tüdemsaş is the livelihood and backbone of Sivas.
The Sivas Congress, which was gathered at Sivas Erkek Lisesi on 4 September 1919 in Sivas, where Atatürk said 'We laid the foundations of the Republic here', is the most important congress convened before the War of Independence. Decisions that no country's mandate and patronage will be accepted and the future of the nation will be saved by the determination and determination of the nation were taken in this congress.
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