Bursa Tourist Map With Attractions Visiting Places







Bursa Tourist Map With Attractions Visiting Places



History

The oldest known archaeological remains in Bursa are known from Menteşe Mound near Yenişehir and Ilıpınar near Orhangazi. The oldest levels of these archaeological finds are about 7,000 years old. The culture in these levels is the level where the pottery was developed and the architecture consisted of structures with rectangular plan and abundant wood supported adobe. In Bursa, David French, Mehmet Özdoğan and Jacop Roodenberg's studies on archeology have revealed a lot of new information about prehistory.

Various settlements have been found in Bursa and its vicinity since 4000 BC; but the exact information of the region dates back to 700 BC. Homer refers to the region as Mysia. Today, there are two villages in the Bursa region that are reminiscent of Mysia settlements: Misi (Gümüştepe) and Misebolu.

In historical geography, the region is also called Phrygia. It is known that the Cimmerians who fled the Scythians in 700 BC destroyed the Phrygian state.
The name Bursa comes from Prusias, the King of Bithynia, who founded this city. Bityns (Bitinler) who migrated to this region in the 7th century BC call this place Bitinya.

It is known that in 185 BC, Hannibal, one of the great generals raised by Carthage, organized the establishment of Prusias I, Prusias and Olympus. The name Prusias became Prusa and then Bursa. Bitinya, which came under the rule of the Roman Empire in 74 BC, became an Asian province ruled by the Proconsul (State Governor) sent from Rome. Bursa lived in the Byzantine period between 385-1326 AD.

Silk production started in the region around 555 AD and a small spa town was established with the production of natural hot water spas.
Bursa was connected to İznik between 1204-1261, it was mostly in the castle and could not grow much.

Ottoman period

The Ottoman Principality, which developed within the Anatolian Principalities established with the weakening and disintegration of the Anatolian Seljuk State, was strengthened by taking the lands of the surrounding tekfurs. Bursa was besieged by Osman Bey in 1307 and after a long siege, it was taken on April 6, 1326 by Osman Bey's son Orhan Bey. In 1335, the capital moved to Bursa and there were great zoning movements in the city.

When the Ottomans conquered Bursa, the city consisted only of the citadel. Public buildings such as mosques, baths, imarethane, darüşşifa and madrasah were built near the existing settlement outside the city walls, and residential areas were created around these complexes and thus a settlement tradition started. The capital moved to Edirne in 1363 (during the reign of Murad Hüdavendigar I). After the conquest of Istanbul by Fatih Sultan Mehmed, Bursa's active role came to an end and it lost its administrative center.

Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire in Bursa, Muslim, Greek, Armenian and Jewish communities lived together until 1922.

In the early 1900s, Biga (central Çanakkale), Bilecik, Kutahya, Karesi (Balikesir), Karahisar (Afyon) were attached to Bursa, which was the center of the Hüdavendigar Province in the post-Tanzimat period.

Bursa was occupied by the Greeks on July 8, 1920, during which various uprisings took place during the national struggle. It was taken back by the Turkish troops on 11 September 1922 after the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief.

Republican period

In 1987, Bursa won the title of metropolitan with the Law No. 3391. Initially, three districts (Nilüfer, Osmangazi and Yıldırım) were included in the borders of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality. With the Law No. 5216 enacted in 2004, the boundaries of the metropolitan municipality were accepted as the center of the governorship building and expanded to the boundaries of the apartment with a radius of 30 kilometers. 7 districts within these borders became metropolitan district municipalities. Law No. 6360 issued in 2012 by Turkey after the 2014 local elections, boundaries of metropolitan municipalities was provincial territorial boundaries.

On 21 October 2014, Bursa city logo was introduced by Bursa Governorship and Bursa Culture Promotion Association. The logo is designed for the branding of Bursa. The logo includes tulip motif in çintemani pattern, which is one of the well-known motifs of Turkish Islamic art.


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