Amasya Tourist Map With Attractions Visiting Places
Amasya Tourist Map With Attractions Visiting Places
Amasya is the center of the province of Amasya in the Black Sea Region. It is located in the Central Black Sea Region. It is one of the oldest settlements in Anatolia. Starting from the Hittites, it became the center of various civilizations. The oldest known name of the city is Amasya, which has not changed without changing its name. In the old records and finds Amesseia - Amacia - Amaccia name is read. It is possible to see the silver and bronze coins (coins) used in trade during the Persian, Pontos and Roman periods.
On some coins, the names Amaccia or Amacia are found. Before and after the conquest of Amasya, the Turks made Amasseia, or Amaccia, Amacia as Amasya said in Turkish.
Strabon, who was known to have been born in Amasya in 60 BC and 19th century, is known as the inventor of Geography, and in his famous geography book Amasya was mentioned as Amasseia.
According to Strabo, the name Amasya comes from Amasis, an Amazon queen who lived there. As the Greek and Roman coins found, the name changed over time to zamanlaμάσεια, Amaseia, Amassia and Amasia, and the Turks eventually called Amasya. Amasya is said to have lived in 19 different states to date.
Hellenistic-Byzantine period Amasya
Although the date of establishment of the city of Amasya is not known for certain, it is estimated that the settlement dates back to the Hittite period. The settlement, which had an important position during the Seloukos period, served as the capital of Pontus Kingdom, which was founded in 281 BC. In 70 BC general Lucius Licinius Lucullus was added to the Roman territory. Diocletian rose to the position of an important religious center after the settlement which developed after the 3rd century AD. In second half of 4th century, Roman Empire divided into two settlements joined East Roman Empire territory. The settlement, which was seized by the Arab armies in 712, was soon settled in III. It was re-joined by Leon to Byzantine territory. From this date until the end of the 11th century the settlement remained under Byzantine rule.
Settlement of Turks in Amasya
After the Battle of Malazgirt Square in 1071, like many other cities in Anatolia, Amasya passed under the rule of the Turks in the 11th century. The settlement was seized by Artuk Bey and left to the control of Danişmend Gazi. In 1080, he joined the newly established Danişmendliler Principality. City II. Kılıç Arslan in 1175 by the Anatolian Seljuk Empire joined the territory. The settlement, which was left by Nizadin Argunshah by Kilicarslan, was seized by Rukneddin Suleyman, another son of Kilicarslan in 1193. The Babai Uprising started in 1237. The settlement, which was under the control of the rebels, was recaptured by the Seljuk forces in 1240. Baba İshak, one of the rebels, was captured and executed in Amasya Castle. With the Babai Uprising, the Seljuks began to lose power in Anatolia with the Kösedağ Battle in 1243, and in the early 14th century, the city of Amasya was ruled by Mongolian governors. For a short time II. After the settlement was seized by Tâceddin Altınbaş, son of Gıyaseddin Mesud, he joined the Eretna Principality. In the second half of the 14th century, the settlement was seized by Emir Hacı Şadgeldi. After the death of Shadgeldi, his son Ahmed demanded support from the Ottoman ruler Bayezid I and defended the city against Kadi Burhaneddin. After the Ottoman-Kadi Burhaneddin struggle, Amasya joined the Ottoman lands in 1393. Prince Çelebi Mehmed was appointed to the administration of the city.
Amasya during the Ottoman period
After the Ankara War in 1402, Çelebi Mehmed retreated to Amasya. During the period called Fetret Era, he continued his struggle with his brothers and other principalities from Amasya until 1413. During the Ottoman Empire, many sultans were born in Amasya and worked as a prince. For this reason, it has a great importance in Amasya's Ottoman history. Mehmet I, II. Sultans such as Murat, Fatih Sultan Mehmet and Yavuz Sultan Selim served as princes in Amasya. In the 15th century, it was the central city of the Greek state. Amasya also had a strategic importance on the eastern border of the Ottomans until the end of the 16th century. In the year 1520, Amasya was a city consisting of 52 neighborhoods, of which 48 were Muslims and 4 were non-Muslims. Amasya Treaty was signed here in 1555. The city was destroyed during the Celali uprisings in the early 17th century. After that, he went through a quiet period as a starboard center where no major events took place.
Amasya in the National Struggle
The first step of the War of Independence (National Struggle), which started in Samsun on 19 May 1919, continued with the arrival of Mustafa Kemal to Amasya on 12 June 1919.
The plans of the struggle for liberation were prepared, the Erzurum Congress and the Sivas Congress were decided to be convened here. In this regard, Amasya, Turkey has been the establishment of the Republic where the first important step has been taken.
Founded in 1923, the new Republic of Turkey 's result was the administrative divisions of the city center of Amasya province.
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