Information About Ankara Castle
Ankara Castle is a historical castle in Altindag district of Ankara. Although it is not known exactly when it was made, it is known that the citadel existed when the Galatians settled in Ankara at the beginning of the 2nd century BC. Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans have undergone many repairs during the times. Ankara Castle is larger than the outside. It also hosts various festivals every year.
The historic castle has lived in various periods in history. After the Roman occupation of Galatia at the beginning of the 2nd century BC, the city grew out of the castle. Roman Emperor Caracalla restored the fortress walls in 217 BC. When the Emperor Alexander Severus was defeated by the Persians between 222 and 260 BC, the castle was partially destroyed. After the second half of the 7th century, the Romans began to repair the castle. Emperor II. Justinianos built the outer castle in 668 AD, Emperor III. When Leon repaired the fortress walls in 740, he raised the inner fortification walls. The Emperor NI Nikiforos repaired this fortress in 805 and the Emperor Basilica I in 869. The castle was captured in 1073 by the Seljuks. The castle was seized in 1101 by the Crusaders and in 1227 it was again dominated by the Seljuks. Alâeddin Keykubad rebuilt the fortress and in 1249 it was rebuilt. Izzeddin Keykavus made new additions to the castle. It was repaired by Ibrahim Pasha, the son of Kavalali Mehmet Ali Pasha in 1832 during the Ottoman period.
The height of the castle from the ground is 110 m. It consists of the inner fortress covering the high part of the hill and the outer castle surrounding it. The outer fortress has about 20 towers. The outer castle translates the old city of Ankara. The inner castle occupies an area of approximately 43,000 m². There are 42 towers on top of 14ır16 m high walls, most of them with 5 corners. The outer walls are approximately 350 m in the north-south direction and 180 m in the west-east direction. extends throughout. The south and west walls of the inner castle form a right angle. The east wall follows the hill indentations. The northern slope is protected by walls made of different techniques. The most interesting part of the protection scheme is; 42 pentagonal bushes located at 15 alan20 m along the east, west and south walls.
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