Information About Ancient City of Sagalassos
In the region, which will be Sagalassos(Agkasun) in the future, human earliest traces date back to 10 000 BC. The oldest known settlement here belongs to 6500 BC. At this time, the production of ceramic goods begins. The first agricultural settlement in Ağlasun Valley dates back to 4000 BC. Before 3000 BC, there is a network between settlements and each is known to control its territory. This development pauses around 2300/2200 BC. Meanwhile, people of Indo-European origin (Hittites and Luwians) settled in Anatolia. Around the fourteenth century BC, the region of Sagalassos was under the influence of the Luwians; In this phase, there are traces of how the Mycenaean civilization or its Anatolian colonies were imported and used. In less than 1200 BC, the great empires of the Bronze Age were erased from history and the Phrygians, Lydians and finally the Persians replaced them. Different groups develop from the ancient Luwian states. One of them is Pisidians who settled in Sagalassos region.
The beginning of the Hellenization process in Pisidia and possibly Sagalassos is based on the order of Persian domination. This transformation is accelerated and strengthened when Alexander the Great conquers the region, and continues under the rule of the Roman Empire after Alexander. Sagalassos becomes a police resembling the ancient Greek city-states much faster than some other cities in Pisidia.
The most influential name in the history of Sagalassos is probably the first emperor of Rome, Augustus. He has no direct intervention in the city, but in his time the established peace environment allows for investments; reforming the tax system; The new way the Emperor has built connects Sagalassos to the equilibrium. The climate also becomes more warm and rainy in this mountainous region than it is today, and the population increases significantly. Sagalassoslarıs elites see the various opportunities and economic opportunities offered by this environment. Unlike the other cities of Pisidia, they adopt the Roman identity. In the first century, Sagalassos lived its golden age.
Between 124-132 AD, Emperor Hadrian visited Anatolia at least three times. Before these visits, he makes a decision that will have very important implications for the future of Sagalassos: he takes the city from the province of Galatia and adds it to the Lycian-Pamphylia Province. Sagalassos, the new region added to the province, becomes the imperial cult center of Pisidia. It is also declared by the Emperor as the ’first city of Pisidia Ayrıca. Since the time of Emperor Augustus, the Sagalassians born to be achieved. The location of Sagalassos, the first city of Pisidia, is officially accepted. This allows the city to step into a new golden age. Intensive economic movement and large architectural projects last until the third century.
After centuries of Hellenization and the Roman Period, Sagalassos underwent a third major change in the fourth century. The city accepts Christianity. Important administrative changes occur accordingly. Almost 235 years break construction works resume in the fourth century AD. The elites of the city are less effective in this process than in the past.
Three events in the sixth and seventh centuries caused Sagalassos to become increasingly weak. An earthquake occurs at the beginning of each century. In AD 541-542, the city surrounds the plague. After that, life in the city continues until the thirteenth century based on agriculture. By the thirteenth century, the last fortress at Iskender Hill in Sagalassos was destroyed by the Seljuks. Instead, the settlement of the Seljuk Turks in the plain develops.
After the abandonment of Sagalassos in the thirteenth century, the ruins of the city remain unexplored until 1706. The honor of rediscovering them XIV. You have a French diplomat commissioned by Louis. The ruins belong to the city of Sagalassos, but it is determined when an inscription is read in 1824. In 1884-1885, Count Lanckoroński conducted the first scientific research in the city. By the 19th century, al Sagalassos ğinde is a known ancient city. But as soon as the amount the city into oblivion once more, and he remains in the shadow of the well began excavations in the ancient city in Turkey's biggest sea. In the twentieth century, the city, in which archaeologists study only certain aspects, began an extensive investigation in 1983 under the direction of Stephen Mitchell. The survey, which Marc Waelkens participated in in 1986 and subsequently chaired, lasts four years. In 1990, Marc Waelkens was given permission to excavate in Sagalassos and conduct research on the urban territory.
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